Posteroid
 


Determining a poster's age

a.) Pre 1945

Few movie posters survived WW2. So pre-war material is very rare. The artworks on these early posters are often rather simple illustrations. 

b.) 1945-1966

It is not easy to determine a poster's age if the film was released prior to 1966 and many films were not released in Japan in the same year they were in US. 

The best way to determine the release of a poster from this period is to use one of the books that list many of the Chirashi (flyers) that were released in Japan. Since the year a flyer was available is also the year of the film’s release, one can determine the age of a poster. One series of books is called "Chirashi Zenshou" (=Complete Works of Chirashi) of which five volumes have been released so far (1945-69, 1970-79, 1980-89, 1990-95, 1995-99).

There are limitations to this however:

a.) Only non-Japanese movies are listed

b.) Film titles are in Japanese, so a non-Japanese speaker has to guess the film's title from the pictures on the flyer,

c.) While a large percentage of released films is in this book, not all movies were/are advertised with Chirashi and the ones that were not are missing. 

c.) 1966-now

In late 1965, a ratings code was introduced in Japan (with INVASION OF THE ASTRO MONSTER, released in December 1965, probably being among the first films to be rated) . Since then the vast majority of movie posters bear a stamp (called "Eirin Mark"), indicating the year they were rated. The stamp consists of two Japanese characters (for “Ei”= picture, and “Rin” = code) and a 5-digit number. The stamp is usually at the bottom right or left of a poster. The first two digits of this number stand for the year the rating was given. 

Eirin Mark Western

This could be very convenient, if it weren't for some studios that do not use the Western system and count years in the traditional Japanese way instead.
This traditional system is linked to the reigning emperors and every time a new emperor is inaugurated, a new era begins. Each era is given a specific name and starts with year 1. The eras important for collectors are Showa (1926-88) and Heisei (1989-now).

Converting works best by using Showa year 45 (=1970) as a benchmark and then adding or subtracting years accordingly.

Eirin Mark


The following lists will help you with the conversions:

 

SHOWA

1
......
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50 
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63

WESTERN

1926
......
1966
1967
1968
1969
1970
1971
1972
1973
1974
1975
1976
1977
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988

 

HEISEI

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

WESTERN

1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013

 
       
 

 

 

 


Posteroid

wwww.posteroid.com

© Copyright Posteroid 2008


Main Read Me Poster Catalogue Search Checkout Order Status Poster Information Gallery Links About Contact Main Poster Catalogue Search Main Poster Catalogue Read Me Checkout Order Status Poster Info Gallery Links About Contact www.posteroid.com Main Poster Catalogue Read me Search Poster Info Gallery Links About Contact Posteroid Main Poster Catalogue Search